제안 해외 배팅 사이트 장점_무료 등록 보험배팅_무료 등록 유로88 졸업 https://www.google.com//4f6 A place to collate information of interest in a forensic psychological context Sat, 14 May 2016 06:03:14 +0000 en-US hourly 1 3320952 Quick links for December 2010 https://www.google.com//4f6/?p=1978 Sun, 16 Jan 2011 08:09:32 +0000 /4f6/?p=1978 Continue reading Quick links for December 2010 ]]> A round-up of December tweets from crimepsychblog

New Journal Issues

  • Women & Criminal Justice 20(4), articles on IPV, life sentences and risk http://retwt.me/1Qjtd
  • Justice Qtrly 27(6), articles on transgender prisoners, gangs, social learning theory, self-control, in-reach http://is.gd/jtBjs
  • Dec 10 issue of Learning & Individual Differences 21(1) has special section on education of children in detention http://retwt.me/1QjrH
  • Violence Against Women 16(12), includes special section on false allegations of sexual assault http://retwt.me/1QceY

See also:

  • Law Journal of the Month – Oxford Journals offer free access to all content for one journal for one month http://retwt.me/1QcYq

Deception and interviewing

Scholarly articles:

  • Thermal Imaging as a Lie Detection Tool at Airports http://retwt.me/1QhzC
  • Influence of Investigator Bias on the Elicitation of True & False Confessions http://retwt.me/1QhzB
  • Eliciting Cues to False Intent: A New Application of Strategic Interviewing http://retwt.me/1QhzA
  • Looks & Lies: Physical Attractiveness in Online Dating Self-Presentation and Deception. Communication Research 37(3) http://retwt.me/1QgIz
  • New research on fMRI-based deception detection measures’ vulnerability to countermeasures http://retwt.me/1QbCJ
  • New research: Improving efficacy of Concealed Information Test? “Denoised P300 & machine learning-based CIT method” http://retwt.me/1QbCC
  • Psychophysiological Response Pattern in Symptom Validity Testing Arch Clin Neurology http://retwt.me/1QbDE
  • Free access: The Polygraph and Forensic Psychiatry (Don Grubin) J. American Academy of Psychiatry & Law http://retwt.me/1QggR
  • Great write-up of a rare study of fMRI countermeasures (via @ResearchBlogs) How To Fool A Lie Detector Brain Scan http://goo.gl/fb/7oNFv

See also:

Video games and aggression

  • How interacting with aggressive virtual characters in video games affects trust and cooperation of players http://retwt.me/1QhBJ
  • Press release: “New study shows that depression, not video games, could be to blame for youth violence” http://retwt.me/1QbDr

Elsewhere in the forensic research literature

  • Howard Zonana & the Transformation of Forensic Psychiatry J. American Academy Psychiatry & Law 38(4) http://retwt.me/1QggM
  • Free access, explores propensity to blame female rape victims. Social Justice Research 23(4) http://retwt.me/1QggK
  • Free access, investigating psychological dynamics underlying demonizing (seeing others as pure evil) http://retwt.me/1QggH
  • Intelligence-led & traditional policing approaches to drug markets 每 comparison of offenders http://retwt.me/1QcYs
  • Free research article on traumatic brain injury in male young offenders in Neuropsychological Rehabilitation 20(6) http://is.gd/iCayc
  • Press release: link between an individual’s sensitivity to testosterone and aggressive behaviour http://retwt.me/1QbDp
  • Press release: Preteen conduct problems leads to teenage serious violence and delinquency http://retwt.me/1QbDw

And:

  • In December’s APA Monitor: Researchers disagree about whether violent video games increase aggression http://retwt.me/1QdVa
  • Study fr Berkeley Ctr fr Crim Justice: Increasing Employment Opportunities for People with Prior Convictions http://retwt.me/1QbDD
  • Online interactions involving suspected paedophiles who engage male children http://tinyurl.com/3ygu8ls
  • ‘Impulsivity gene’ found in violent offenders. New Scientist 23 December 2010 http://retwt.me/1QgIB

See also:

  • Compendium of reoffending statistics & analysis – selection of papers summarising analysis by Ministry of Justice http://retwt.me/1QbDo
  • Call for chapter proposals 每 Police and Protesters: Motives and Responses http://retwt.me/1PZzP
  • “Scared Straight not only doesn*t work, it may actually be more harmful than doing nothing” via World of Psychology http://retwt.me/1PUpf
  • RT @vaughanbell Excellent @chriscfrench piece on how UK prosecutions have been based entirely on ‘recovered memories’ http://is.gd/hLwgP
  • New (to me) blog on false Confessions (HT to @cjprof) http://retwt.me/1Qhzu
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1978
A month’s-worth of tweets, 25 Oct to 22 November https://www.google.com//4f6/?p=1977 Mon, 22 Nov 2010 09:02:58 +0000 /4f6/?p=1977 Continue reading A month’s-worth of tweets, 25 Oct to 22 November ]]> A month’s worth of tweets in one post (I know, I know, but I’ve been away).

New journal issues

Free:

  • J of Police & Criminal Psychology 25(2). All articles FREE ACCESS at the moment http://retwt.me/1PrUb

    Cambridge Journals offer FREE access to select papers in Psychological Medicine, incl some with forensic relevance http://retwt.me/1PwMb

  • Some good stuff here & all free: Open Access Journal of Forensic Psychology http://retwt.me/1PO2V Has been going since 2009 but new to me.

Others:

Journal articles that caught my eye

  • New research on traumatic brain injury in youth offenders – balanced press release here: http://retwt.me/1POQI
  • Psychological science & sound public policy: Video recording of custodial interrogations American Psychologist 65(8) http://is.gd/hwocg
  • In press: social status of drug procurers & their social distance from drug dealers affects sales, fraud & gift-giving http://retwt.me/1PyRR
  • Interactional norms in the Australian police interrogation room Discourse & Society 21(6) http://retwt.me/1PyQH
  • Women’s testimony on domestic violence in India & legal implications. Indian J of Gender Studies 17(3) http://retwt.me/1PyQg
  • Forensic evidence: Materializing bodies, materializing crimes. European J of Women’s Studies 17(4) http://retwt.me/1PyQf
  • Child abuse victims who blame themselves & families present higher rates of PTSD http://retwt.me/1Pr3i

New deception research and commentary:

  • Sanity at last. “Government abandons lie detector tests for catching benefit cheats” http://is.gd/gXtqI
  • Jo Are You Lying to Me? Temporal Cues for Deception 〞 Journal of Language and Social Psychology http://retwt.me/1PORv
  • Is It Always Bad To Lie? Review of a new book on deception, via http://retwt.me/1POR5
  • Interviewers outperform thermal imaging technology in identifying liars & truth-tellers. Great study, FREE til 30/11 http://is.gd/hxePN
  • In press: Role of dorsolateral prefrontal cortex in deception when remembering neutral & emotional events Neurosci Res http://is.gd/hxdN4
  • Neat new study on deceptive groups: Extracting Concealed Information from Groups in J. of Forensic Sciences. http://retwt.me/1PO2N
  • “Trusting people make better lie detectors” from SAGE Insight. Includes link to free PDF of journal article http://retwt.me/1PyQX
  • In The Job Hunt, People Do Lie, But Honesty Pays Off, Study Finds http://retwt.me/1PyQd
  • Misguided: Polygraphs provide false reassurance. Sigh. “Polygraph Testing Against Border Corruption” via Secrecy News http://retwt.me/1Pr4k
  • To detect lies it’s equally as important to be able to detect when someone is being truthful. http://retwt.me/1Pr3Q via @humintell
  • Blog post from @humintell on interesting new research: Are Children Good Liars? http://retwt.me/1Pr3k

Research and resources on terrorism and counter-terrorism

  • Methods to Detect and Characterize Terrorist activity, report from Institute for Homeland Sec Solutions http://retwt.me/1POQO
  • Deradicalization: Literature review and comparison with research on anti-cult and anti-gang initiatives http://retwt.me/1POQN
  • The Impact of Emotion in the American Public*s Assessments of and Reactions to Terrorism, summary and link to full txt http://retwt.me/1POQL
  • via Resource shelf: Chicago Project on Security and Terrorism Suicide Attack Database http://retwt.me/1Pr42

Retweets and other miscellaneous links

  • @PhilipBecnel’s article in Pursuit Magazine called “A Private Investigator’s Take on Social Media”: http://bit.ly/cqfz0r
  • RT @vaughanbell What makes a psychopath? http://is.gd/hq2f9 The Economist on recent findings.
  • @navarrotells Four opportunities to detect deception in an interview: http://bit.ly/braLm1 in Psychology Today
  • Mental illness in US prisons – video via @channelNvideo http://retwt.me/1Pr41
  • The awesome @kfranklinphd explains what it takes to become a forensic psychologist at her new Psychology Today blog http://retwt.me/1Pr3l
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1977
Quick Links for 11 to 24 October https://www.google.com//4f6/?p=1976 Sun, 24 Oct 2010 09:44:08 +0000 /4f6/?p=1976 Continue reading Quick Links for 11 to 24 October ]]> So here’s what I’ve been twittering about for the last few days. (Follow crimepsychblog here: http://twitter.com/#!/crimepsychblog)

Freebies:

  • Springer is offering free access to many journals til 30 November. No registration required. Here’s Law and Human Behavior http://retwt.me/1Pl5h and here is Law and Human Behavior, 34(1), a special on interrogation and confession http://retwt.me/1Pl5F
  • The entire digital archive of the Royal Society’s publications is free to access from Monday until 30th November http://bit.ly/bToROe

New issues:

Deception articles:

  • The Reliability of Lie Detection Performance in Law Hum Beh 2009, currently free access til 30 Nov PDF: http://retwt.me/1Pl6M
  • Outsmarting the Liars: The Benefit of Asking Unanticipated Questions in Law Hum Beh 2009, currently free access PDF: http://retwt.me/1Pl6l
  • Police Lie Detection Accuracy: The Effect of Lie Scenario from Law Hum Beh 33(6) Free access til 30 Nov http://retwt.me/1Pl5J
  • Aw, bless. New research in Psychol Science 21(10) shows 3-yr-olds have highly robust bias to trust what people say. http://is.gd/g5hB2
  • Articles on reality monitoring, deceptive handwriting (FREE) & false memory in latest issue of Applied Cog Psy 24(8) http://is.gd/g5iAc
  • Fascinating in press article on how honesty is rewarded and deception punished across cultures, in Pers Soc Psychol Bull http://is.gd/g5h3s

Other articles that caught my eye:

  • From SSRN-Psychological Syndromes and Criminal Responsibility by Christopher Slobogin http://retwt.me/1Pl4G
  • New in Acta Psych: Photos can create false memories if events perceived as personally plausible, less likely otherwise http://is.gd/gfqYS
  • Interesting. SSRN-The Devastating Impact of Prior Crimes Evidence 每 And Other Myths of the Criminal Justice Process http://retwt.me/1Pl4a
  • Mapping and Measuring Cybercrime: a Forum Discussion Paper: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1694107
  • Abstract: “When serial killers go unseen: The case of Trevor Joseph Hardy” in Crime Media Culture http://ht.ly/2WO89 (via @Understanding Crime)
  • CSI effect and criminals? New analysis suggests rapists are inconsistent in their forensic awareness http://is.gd/g5iZH
  • New research in J. Personality & Soc Psych Emotion Guided Threat Detection: Expecting Guns Where There Are None http://is.gd/g5imo
  • New in Psychol Science 21(10): alienated youth are more aggressive than others when they experience acute peer rejection. 온라인 룰렛http://is.gd/g5hJH
  • New: Confidence & Professional Judgment in Assessing Children’s Risk of Abuse, Research on Social Work Practice 20(6) http://is.gd/g5gY5

And finally:

  • In Guardian Science: How juries are fooled by statistics http://bit.ly/a3UywM
  • Karen Franklin PhD reviews “groundbreaking new book on sex offender treatment” http://retwt.me/1PeRw
  • The Situationist Blog highlights SSRN paper by Davis & Leo on eliciting confessions and the risk of false confessions http://retwt.me/1PeKq
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1976
Quick links for 30 Sept to 10 October https://www.google.com//4f6/?p=1975 /4f6/?p=1975#comments Sun, 10 Oct 2010 17:33:26 +0000 /4f6/?p=1975 Continue reading Quick links for 30 Sept to 10 October ]]> A reminder that there’s just five days left to get your hands on all Sage Journals’ content. Free trial giving full-text access to ALL Sage Journal content ends 15 Oct. Don’t miss out, register here: http://is.gd/eUubM

New research

  • New issue: The latest Journal Contemporary Criminal Justice [26(4)] is a special on criminal investigation, with articles on police procedures, confessions, offender profiling and more http://is.gd/fCkNU (and it’s free til 15/10 via http://is.gd/eUubM)
  • Extraordinary new analysis calculates each US homicide costs public average $17.25m, average murderer costs $24m. http://retwt.me/1P8Zy
  • New journal from APA: Psychology of Violence, coming 2011. Introductory issue online now http://bit.ly/PA-vio
  • “Beyond Social Capital: Triad Organized Crime in Hong Kong and China” http://ht.ly/2NL4k (via @UnderstandCrime – Aaron Jacklin)
  • A new study shows that men, but not women, have an impaired ability to recognize faces when under stress http://j.mp/9skzMd [PDF] (via @mocost – Mo Costandi)

Deception

  • Insurance “claim fraudsters think too much”. Some great Portsmouth Uni research covered by Irish Independent http://retwt.me/1P8R0
  • “If You Want to Catch a Liar, Make Him Draw” David DiSalvo @Neuronarrative on more great Portsmouth Uni research http://retwt.me/1P8ZB
  • fMRI scans of people with schizophrenia show they have same functional anatomical distinction between truth telling & deception as others http://bit.ly/aO5cI2 via @Forpsych
  • In press: Promising to tell truth makes 8- 16 year-olds more honest (but lectures on morality don’t). Beh Sciences & Law http://is.gd/fCa7X

Other links of interest:

  • Sam Sommers on testifying as expert witness on eyewitness identifications, in a complex case. http://retwt.me/1P8ZA
  • From Docuticker: “In Their Own Words: Domestic Abuse in Later Life” training video released by DoJ http://retwt.me/1P8Zq
  • RT @lenagroeger First blog post up on Scienceline! The Brain Scan Appeal: bringing neuroscience into the courtroom http://bit.ly/bH2p1Y
  • RT @sciam (Scientific American) Are war crimes caused by bad apples or bad barrels? http://bit.ly/c4bFYh
  • RT @vaughanbell Why do people confess to crimes they didn*t commit? http://is.gd/fKmDo Excellent NY Mag article on false confessions.
  • RT @kfranklinphd (Karen Franklin) Why exempting sexually violent predator evaluators from traditional psychology ethics is a bad idea: http://t.co/VHHu4Tg
  • RT @kfranklinphd (Karen Franklin) Black and female young offenders lack access to legal advice, UK study finds gu.com/p/2k6ng/tw
  • RT @cjprof (Dr. Blankenship) Breakthrough in Britain’s war on drugs and crime – Crime, UK – The Independent http://goo.gl/hVqQ
  • Great story by @bmahersciwriter on “a surreptitious and malicious side of science” – sabotage in the lab. http://bit.ly/c5TJDK
  • RT @mindhacksblog: how murder is a social act: wp.me/ptsTD-3Lz
  • RT @vaughanbell Fascinating 2003 NYT piece on medieval crime statistics, modern manners and murder. http://is.gd/fBcsW HT MH reader Alex C
  • RT @Slate A New Orleans man who spent 29 years in solitary for a crime he didn’t commit http://slate.me/aREfbu
  • RT @vaughanbell Insight into pimping from interviews. DePaul University study. pdf: http://is.gd/fvO0Q Sad and surprising via @kfranklinphd
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/4f6/?feed=rss2&p=1975 1 1975
Quick links for 19 Sept to 26 Sept 2010 https://www.google.com//4f6/?p=1974 Sun, 26 Sep 2010 12:07:31 +0000 /4f6/?p=1974 Continue reading Quick links for 19 Sept to 26 Sept 2010 ]]> New issues:

New articles:

  • “When children commit atrocities in war”, Global Change, Peace & Security 22(3) http://is.gd/ftsro
  • People with higher Need for Cognition are more accurate at classifying truthful & deceptive msgs J Exp Soc Psy 46(6) http://is.gd/fts8u
  • New research on personality, cognitive ability & motivation of academic cheaters. In J Exp Psych: Applied, Vol 16(3) http://is.gd/ftrRw
  • Violent & nonviolent video games produce opposing effects on aggressive & prosocial outcomes J Exp Soc Psy 46(6) http://is.gd/ftrNL

And some retweets and other links of interest:

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1974
Quick links for the last week https://www.google.com//4f6/?p=1973 Sun, 19 Sep 2010 11:34:51 +0000 /4f6/?p=1973 Continue reading Quick links for the last week ]]> New issues:

  • Law and Human Behavior 34(5) http://is.gd/fhQvR Recidivism risk, psychopathy, informants, quality of forensic examiners and more
  • Criminal Justice Matters 81(1) Articles on pre-crime, masculinity & violence, probation, secure envts & more http://is.gd/fbBVC
  • Psychology, Crime & Law 16(8) http://is.gd/fhQqp Articles on execution, prisoners, rape myths, child abuse, eyewitness testimony

New research articles:

  • Murder每suicide: A reaction to interpersonal crises. Forensic Science International 202(1-3) http://is.gd/fhQjP
  • The role of perpetrator similarity in reactions toward innocent victims Eur J Soc Psy 40(6) http://is.gd/fhPZ3 Depressing.
  • Detecting concealed information w/ reaction times: Validity & comparison w/ polygraph App Cog Psych 24(7) http://is.gd/fhPMW
  • Eliciting cues to children’s deception via strategic disclosure of evidence App Cog Psych 24(7) http://is.gd/fhPIS
  • Can fabricated evidence induce false eyewitness testimony? App Cog Psych 24(7) http://is.gd/fhPDd Free access
  • In press, B J Soc Psy Cues to deception in context.http://is.gd/fhPcY Apparently ‘context’ = ‘Jeremy Kyle Show’. Can’t wait for the paper!
  • Narrative & abductive processes in criminal profiling http://is.gd/fgjH3 Free if u register for Sage trial http://is.gd/eUubM
  • Children’s contact with incarcerated parents: Research findings & recommendations American Psych 65(6) http://is.gd/fd45s
  • Comparing victim attributions & outcomes for workplace aggression & sexual harassment in J App Psych 95(5) http://is.gd/fd3Vb
  • Correctional Psychologist Burnout, Job Satisfaction, and Life Satisfaction. In Psych Services 7(3) http://is.gd/fbBKC
  • It’s okay to shoot a character. http://tinyurl.com/32u3w9v Paper on morals in video games
  • Perceptions about memory reliability and honesty for children of 3 to 18 years old – http://ht.ly/2z8O1

And some other links of interest:

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1973
Quick links for the last couple of weeks https://www.google.com//4f6/?p=1972 Sun, 12 Sep 2010 08:56:55 +0000 /4f6/?p=1972 Continue reading Quick links for the last couple of weeks ]]> Oh dear, the automatic Twitter updates feature needs attention. Sigh. Meanwhile, here’s what I’ve been tweeting about:

The most important tweet of the last two weeks was notification that Sage Pubs are offering FREE online access to their entire collection until October 15, 2010. Sage do this every year or so and it’s a great time to stock up new and classic research. Register here: http://is.gd/eUubM

Once you’ve done that, check out new issues of the following Sage journals:

Also out, the first September issue of JUSTINFO, published by NCJRS. Funding opps, new publications, courses, resources etc http://www.ncjrs.gov/justinfo/sep0110.html

In other non-forensic journals, the following articles caught my eye:

  • Meta-analytic comparison of 9 violence risk assessment tools. Psychological Bulletin 136(5):740-767 http://is.gd/f6J9Q
  • Construct-driven development of video-based situational judgment test for police integrity http://is.gd/f6J3h
  • Unconfirmed loss of husband has specific negative mental health consequences vs suffering a confirmed loss http://is.gd/f6IIF
  • Social ties & short-term self-reported delinquent behaviour of personality disordered forensic outpatients 온라인 룰렛http://ht.ly/2z9z8
  • Prediction & expln of young offenders* intentions to reoffend from behavioral, normative & control beliefs http://is.gd/f6INT
  • Psych Bulletin 136(5) Surviving the Holocaust: A meta-analysis of the long-term sequelae of a genocide. http://is.gd/eUsUq
  • Screening offenders for risk of drop-out and expulsion from correctional programmes – http://ht.ly/2z9u4
  • Distinguishing truthful from invented accounts using reality monitoring criteria – http://ht.ly/2z8FC
  • Can people successfully feign high levels of interrogative suggestibility & compliance when given instructions to malinger? http://ht.ly/2z8Wz
  • New research – FMRI & deception: “The production and detection of deception in an interactive game” in _Neuropsychologia_ http://is.gd/eUMO3
  • And in the free access PLoS1: fMRI study indicates neural activity associated with deception is valence-related. PLoS One 5(8). http://is.gd/f6IaM

Other bits and pieces, including retweets:

  • “How to Catch a Terrorist: Read His Brainwaves-ORLY?” Wired Danger Room is sceptical about P300 tests as CT measure http://is.gd/f5JFT
  • RT@vaughanbell: Good piece on the attempts to get dodgy fMRI lie detection technology introduced to the courtroom. http://is.gd/eSdP6
  • NPR: A Click Away: Preventing Online Child Porn Viewing http://t.co/VRfaNiz
  • How Can We Help Gang Members Leave the Violence Behind? Share your thoughts on the newest PsycCRITIQUES Blog entry http://bit.ly/blpV04
  • Do prison conditions have more of a deterrent effect on crime than the death penalty? http://su.pr/1WUpIg
  • Great documentary with forensic issues regarding induced delusional or acute polymorphic psychotic disorder: http://bit.ly/bHkJpy
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1972
Twitter Updates for 2010-08-29 https://www.google.com//4f6/?p=1971 Sun, 29 Aug 2010 23:00:00 +0000 /4f6/?p=1971 Continue reading Twitter Updates for 2010-08-29 ]]>
  • Why Jessica Stern studies violence: Raped age 15; police investign over whn father said she "seemed to have forgotten it" http://is.gd/eJsBO #
  • Workplace violence / terrorism: DoD releases report ※Lessons Learned from Fort Hood.§ http://is.gd/eJts3 #
  • Video via @WRY999 Jim Fallon discusses Neuroscience of Murder & Aggression "Exploring the Mind of a Killer". Fascinating. http://is.gd/eJtWg #
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    1971
    Twitter Updates for 2010-08-28 https://www.google.com//4f6/?p=1970 Sat, 28 Aug 2010 23:00:00 +0000 /4f6/?p=1970 Continue reading Twitter Updates for 2010-08-28 ]]>
  • New issue: Crime & Delinquency 56(4). Articles on Juvenile justice, community policing, released Inmates, risk, control. http://is.gd/eHXa8 #
  • New research: Detecting Deceptive Discussions in Conference Calls. Linguistic analysis method 50-65% accuracy. SSRN via http://is.gd/eI0bA #
  • New study On Violence Prevention And Intervention Employing Street Outreach numberswiki.com

    Workers. http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/198541.php #

  • Press release (bad spelling), new book: Female Sexual Offenders: Theory, Assessment and Treatment ed. by Gannon & Cortoni http://is.gd/eI0oX #
  • RT @ResearchBlogs Links between animal cruelty and domestic violence http://goo.gl/fb/b8rO2 #
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    1970
    Twitter Updates for 2010-08-25 https://www.google.com//4f6/?p=1969 Wed, 25 Aug 2010 23:00:00 +0000 /4f6/?p=1969 Continue reading Twitter Updates for 2010-08-25 ]]>
  • New research: Turning a blind eye to double blind line-ups Wright et al in Applied Cog Psych 24: 849每867 http://is.gd/eCFs4 #
  • New research: Effect of suspicion & liars' strategies on reality monitoring Gnisci, Caso & Vrij in more info

    App Cog Psy 24:762每773 http://is.gd/eCFyA #

  • Call for papers now open for APLS, EAPL & ANZAPPL International Congress on Psych & Law, March 2-5th, 2011 in Miami FL http://is.gd/eCFVh #
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    1969
    Twitter Updates for 2010-08-24 https://www.google.com//4f6/?p=1968 Tue, 24 Aug 2010 23:00:00 +0000 /4f6/?p=1968
  • RT @ TheJuryExpert Slate interview with Innocence Project co-founder c/o @mindhacks http://bit.ly/dBE9Ws #
  • RT @FPsych Guilty, Not Guilty, Not proven: Australian Research: http://bit.ly/aCaIp0 NB link direct to pdf #
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    1968
    Twitter Updates for 2010-08-21 https://www.google.com//4f6/?p=1967 Sat, 21 Aug 2010 23:00:00 +0000 /4f6/?p=1967
  • RT@ TheJuryExpert Thoughts on how to use probability 4 courtroom persuasion from a statistician & a trial consultant http://bit.ly/bc1reL #
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    1967
    Twitter Updates for 2010-08-19 https://www.google.com//4f6/?p=1966 Thu, 19 Aug 2010 23:00:00 +0000 /4f6/?p=1966 Continue reading Twitter Updates for 2010-08-19 ]]>
  • RT@DrPetra Entire APCO 'Project Acumen' report on UK sex trafficking here http://bit.ly/9WVYm2 (Warning link takes you directly to PDF) #
  • RT @TheJuryExpert Grime & Punishment: How Disgust Influences Moral, Social & Legal judgments (applied to courtroom) http://bit.ly/3iugDM #
  • New issue: Behavioral Sciences & Law 28(4). Special issue on families, divorce, custody and parenting http://is.gd/eoVc7 #
  • New research: Routine Online Activity & Internet Fraud Targeting in J.Research in Crime & Delinquency 47(3) http://is.gd/eoVXR #
  • Important (rare) study on polygraph w/ UK sex offenders: leads to more admissions; case mgrs perceive increased risk http://is.gd/eoW4Q #
  • And a new Canadian study on why sex offenders confess during police interrogation (no polygraph) http://is.gd/eoWl7 #
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    1966
    Twitter Updates for 2010-08-15 https://www.google.com//4f6/?p=1965 Sun, 15 Aug 2010 23:00:00 +0000 /4f6/?p=1965 Continue reading Twitter Updates for 2010-08-15 ]]>
  • New article in press: If Brain Scans Really Detected Deception, Who Would Volunteer to be Scanned? J Forensic Sci http://is.gd/eiz2o #
  • New issue: Child Abuse & Neglect 34(8) filicide, cyberpedocriminality, interviewing, CSA, and more http://is.gd/eizoe #
  • New issue: J.Quant Criminology 26(3). sit-person interactn, conviction inheritance, stats, recidivism. 2 free articles. http://is.gd/eiGPH #
  • New issue: Law & Human Behavior 34(4) Risk assessment, eyewitnesses, legal attitudes, juries, mentally ill inmates. http://is.gd/eiH5p #
  • New issue: J. Criminal Justice 38(4). 500 page bumper issue with plenty of interest. http://is.gd/eiHkK #
  • Lunar cycles influence crime? Research says not: http://is.gd/eiHDk. Yet more evidence in new article (J Crim Justice) http://is.gd/eiHw5 #
  • New research: "Police Academy Socialization…in a Paramilitary-Bureaucratic Organization" in J Contemp Ethnography 39(2) http://is.gd/eiZOP #
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    1965
    Twitter Updates for 2010-08-14 https://www.google.com//4f6/?p=1964 Sat, 14 Aug 2010 23:00:00 +0000 /4f6/?p=1964 Continue reading Twitter Updates for 2010-08-14 ]]>
  • New issue: Policing 4(3) http://is.gd/eh77W Special issue on trust and confidence in the police #
  • New issue: Violence Against Women 16(9) Special issue in honour of Ellen Pence, researcher & advocate for battered women http://is.gd/ehajJ #
  • New issue:Justice Quarterly 27(5) Articles: gangs, prison sexl assault, juvenile courts, clemency, community notification http://is.gd/eharb #
  • New issue: J. Contemporary Crim Justice 26(3). Special issue on Crime, Crime Prevention, and Punishment in Schools. http://is.gd/ehaA2 #
  • New article by Ruth Penfold-Mounce on macabre public fascination with the corpses of criminals in Mortality 15(3):250-265 http://is.gd/ehb1q #
  • New issue: Police Practice & Research 11(4) Special issue on the Challenges of Policing and the Mentally Ill http://is.gd/ehbbO #
  • Lopate show discussion of the Vidocq Society, founded by detectives to solve baffling cold cases. Download MP3 via http://is.gd/ehdJe #
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    Twitter Updates for 2010-08-08 https://www.google.com//4f6/?p=1963 Sun, 08 Aug 2010 23:00:00 +0000 /4f6/?p=1963 Continue reading Twitter Updates for 2010-08-08 ]]>
  • New research: Sexual Sadism and Recidivism Among Adult Male Sexual Offenders J. Consult&Clin Psy 78(4) http://is.gd/e8nga #
  • New research in press: AMBER Alerts don't save abducted kids frm life-threatening sits http://is.gd/e8np7 Cf @bengoldacre http://is.gd/e8nt7 #
  • New issue: Psychology Crime & Law 16(7) . 3 articles on sex offenders; plus interviewing, false memory, prisoners. http://is.gd/e8p7i #
  • New issue: J. Offender Rehabilitation 49(6). Articles on drug testing, juveniles, animal therapy, faith-based progs. http://is.gd/e8pnn #
  • New issue: Journal of Family Violence 25(7). http://springerlink.com/content/0885-7482/25/7/ #
  • New issue: J. Police & Crim Psych 25(2). Articles incl mass murder, secondary trauma, expert testimony, authoritarianism http://is.gd/e8pDi #
  • New research: UC Berkeley Human Rights Center researchers document human toll of violence in Central African Republic. http://is.gd/e8ImP #
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    Twitter Updates for 2010-08-07 https://www.google.com//4f6/?p=1962 Sat, 07 Aug 2010 23:00:00 +0000 /4f6/?p=1962 Continue reading Twitter Updates for 2010-08-07 ]]>
  • How CSI Went Awry. From National Academies, a video about the National Research Council (NRC) report on forensic science http://is.gd/e75Ke #
  • New on SSRN: Lineups and Eyewitness Identification (from Ann Rev Law & Soc Sci 2009) via Neuroethics & Law Blog http://is.gd/e7a6t #
  • Violent Video Games as a Learning Tool? (Yes, but…) from @BrainBlogger http://is.gd/e7brG #
  • New research: Rethinking intractable conflict. American Psychologist 65(4). http://is.gd/e7bKV. @BrainBlogger discusses: http://is.gd/e7bMx #
  • New issue: Journal of Experimental Criminology 6(3). Deviancy training, RCTs, families, victimisation, recidivism. http://is.gd/e7itv #
  • New research: FREE article in J. Exp Criminology 6(3) Community service better than imprisonment to reduce recidivism. http://is.gd/e7iB9 #
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    Twitter Updates for 2010-08-06 https://www.google.com//4f6/?p=1961 Fri, 06 Aug 2010 23:00:00 +0000 /4f6/?p=1961 Continue reading Twitter Updates for 2010-08-06 ]]>
  • New issue of NIJ Journal Highlights 15th Anniversary of Violence Against Women Act (US) http://is.gd/e5vU7 #
  • New issue: Psychology, Public Policy & Law 16(3) Aug 2010. Miranda rights, prison rape, psychopathy, research agenda http://is.gd/e5wOv #
  • New research: Political violence & child adjustment in Northern Ireland, in Dev Psy 46(4): 827-841 http://is.gd/e5z2d #
  • New research: Subtypes of partner violence perpetrators among male & female psych patients. J Abnormal Psy 119(3):563-574 http://is.gd/e5zae #
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    Twitter Updates for 2010-08-01 https://www.google.com//4f6/?p=1960 Sun, 01 Aug 2010 23:00:00 +0000 /4f6/?p=1960 Continue reading Twitter Updates for 2010-08-01 ]]>
  • New issue: Contemporary Justice Review: Issues in Criminal, Social, and Restorative Justice, Volume 13 Issue 3 2010 http://is.gd/dWzee #
  • The Cultural Dynamics of Copycat Suicide by Alex Mesoudi, free access at PLoS1. http://is.gd/dWBDg #
  • New Journal issue: Psychiatry, Psychology and Law, Volume 17 Issue 3 http://is.gd/dWHyM #
  • New journal issue: Journal of Forensic Psychiatry & Psychology, Volume 21 Issue 4 http://is.gd/dWHOC #
  • Research from Chicago: "unstructured socializing" by teens increases likelihood of violent behavior http://is.gd/dWIz8 #
  • New research: "Why don't we believe non-native speakers? The influence of accent on credibility" J. Exp Soc Psy http://is.gd/dWINO #
  • New research: "Anger as a cue to truthfulness" Truth-tellers accused of wrongdoing show more anger than liars, but… http://is.gd/dWIVx #
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    Twitter Updates for 2010-07-31 https://www.google.com//4f6/?p=1959 /4f6/?p=1959#comments Sat, 31 Jul 2010 23:00:00 +0000 /4f6/?p=1959 Continue reading Twitter Updates for 2010-07-31 ]]>
  • The role of the third sector in work with offenders http://is.gd/dV9FZ [pdf]. HT to LSE Library Blog http://is.gd/dV9zi #
  • http://www.statecrime.org "Acts committed, instigated or condoned by governments [are] under-acknowledged by academics" via @intute #
  • Centre for Social Justice green paper on UK criminal justice & addiction treatment systems http://is.gd/dVaa8 HT LSE http://is.gd/dVacD #
  • Research on public confidence in the Criminal Justice System. http://is.gd/dVao4 Ministry of Justice via @intute #
  • An implementation study of the delivery of domestic abuse programmes in probation & prison services. http://is.gd/dVavO via @intute #
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    Twitter Updates for 2010-07-30 https://www.google.com//4f6/?p=1958 Fri, 30 Jul 2010 23:00:00 +0000 /4f6/?p=1958 Continue reading Twitter Updates for 2010-07-30 ]]>
  • Eye movements and deception? http://is.gd/dSIVA. Not NLP – a bit more complex than that (hopefully more accurate!). #deceptionblog #
  • 1921 book on how to profile people.http://is.gd/dSJqb. HT to Bruce Schneier http://is.gd/dSJub #
  • BBC radio broadcast on lying http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p007gvhg #deceptionblog #
  • New research: Higher Generalized Trust Predicts Lie Detection Ability http://spp.sagepub.com/content/1/3/274.abstract #deceptionblog #
  • US security chiefs tricked in social networking experiment http://is.gd/dT4PP #deceptionblog #trust #
  • No surprises asTurkish researchers develop profile of a thief: Low education, lack of skills, alcohol & drug addiction. http://is.gd/dTcNo #
  • How police interviewers' influence strategies affect whether suspects from different cultures provide info. http://is.gd/dTgJL #
  • Journal article on investigative interviewing practices in China. http://is.gd/dTh28 #
  • Journal article: Truth bias and regression toward the mean phenomenon in detecting deception. http://is.gd/dTimj #
  • Can the Implicit Association Test be used to distinguish truthful and deceitful witnesses? Yes and no. Journal article: http://is.gd/dTiNI #
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    Now on Twitter https://www.google.com//4f6/?p=1957 Fri, 30 Jul 2010 16:09:42 +0000 /4f6/?p=1957 Continue reading Now on Twitter ]]> It’s still hard to find the time to keep Crimepsychblog and the Deception Blog updated and I am not sure when (if ever) I will have the time to post as regularly as I used to. Meanwhile I’m still finding plenty of interesting links and papers so rather than waiting til I have time to blog about them properly (which will probably be never) I’m going to give Twitter a go. If I’ve configured the plugin correctly then there should be regular digests of the tweets posted to these blogs, so you can carry on watching here, or follow me at http://twitter.com/crimepsychblog.

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    Using forensic linguistics in the criminal justice system https://www.google.com//4f6/?p=1953 /4f6/?p=1953#comments Sat, 28 Feb 2009 09:37:26 +0000 /4f6/?p=1953 Continue reading Using forensic linguistics in the criminal justice system ]]> As you know, the Crimepsych blog is on something of a hiatus until later this year. To keep you going, I’m delighted to bring you a guest post from John Olsson of the Forensic Linguistics Institute. John is one of the UK’s most experienced forensic linguists, with over 300 criminal cases in his portfolio. He kindly agreed to answer a few questions about how forensic linguistics contributes to solving crimes. You can find out more about John and his work over at his comprehensive website.

    Tell us about some of your cases

    I mostly get asked to give an opinion on the authorship of a text, which can be a book, a set of mobile phone texts, letters, emails and so on. I also do plagiarism analysis. For example, about four years ago I was approached by Lew Perdue, the novelist, who claimed that his book had been plagiarised by Dan Brown’s Da Vinci Code. This was a very big case and it went all the way to the US Supreme Court. Most of my work is criminal work. I did the authorship analysis in the case of Garry Weddell, the police inspector accused of murdering his wife. He was released on bail and later shot his mother in law and then himself. I also did the linguistics in the case of Julie Turner, the woman whose body was found in an oil barrel in Yorkshire.

    What other kinds of cases do you get involved in?

    I often get asked by coroners to look at suicide notes, or other texts surrounding incidents of suspicious death. I also do a lot of hate mail work and I’ve done quite a number of product contamination cases. I also do a lot of insurance and other security work in fraud and forgery cases. Mobile phone text authorship is also a key area in forensic linguistics.

    How would you describe ‘Forensic Linguistics’?

    There are two parts to forensic linguistics: language as evidence and the language of the law. Language as evidence involves the linguist being asked to give an expert opinion on the authorship, or possibly meaning, of a text. This involves making an analysis, writing a report and going to court to give evidence.

    How do you find the experience of giving evidence in court?

    I enjoy it and I also believe it’s right that we should be made to defend our views. Lawyers should not hesitate to be as probing as possible when it comes to experts.

    When was forensic linguistics first used?

    Forensic linguistics was first used in an analysis of a suspect statement in 1968 by a Swedish linguist by the name of Jan Svartvik. However, it did not make its first appearance in court in any serious way until the 1990’s.

    How long have you been practising as a forensic linguist?

    I have been practising since about 1995, working with police forces all over the UK and the US, and with lawyers in the UK and abroad. I have prepared over 300 reports for court and have given evidence many times, mostly for prosecution.

    Do you think forensic linguistics has been beneficial for the justice system?

    I believe forensic linguistics has had a major impact on the justice system in that it has helped courts to clarify the linguistic evidence either in favour of or against suspects.

    How should police officers and lawyers brief forensic linguists?

    It’s important that lawyers and police officers brief experts carefully. In a few cases people have ‘overbriefed’ experts, giving them information which is not only unnecessary, but which the expert should not know. Another important factor is when to approach the expert. I suggest the earlier the better – even if it is just to get an opinion on the viability of a particular piece of evidence.

    How can Forensic Linguistics be used in a criminal investigation?

    To identify the author of a text, such as a ransom demand or suicide note, or series of hate mail letters, mobile phone texts or emails. To clarify the meaning of a word or phrase. For example, in one case I was asked the meaning of a slang word in a murder trial and to evaluate the word in context and assess its meaning within the scope of the crime that had been committed.

    What should investigators, solicitors or private clients consider when requesting help from Forensic Linguists?

    The primary issue is whether the expert is appropriate for the task. Even forensic linguistics is becoming more and more specialised. Most linguists will be happy to tell the client if there is someone else who is better qualified or more current in the particular area under examination.

    How long does a Forensic Linguist need to analyse a piece of evidence?

    It very much depends on the evidence. In cases where there are many texts (whether emails, letters, mobile phone texts, etc) it can take several months. However, where there are only a few texts to analyse, the work can be completed within a week or ten days. Most linguists will give a preliminary opinion at little or no cost.

    Is the science behind it robust enough to use in a trial as evidence?

    Forensic Linguistics has been used successfully in courts many times, both in the UK and abroad. I believe linguistic evidence stands up as well as any other kind of forensic evidence in court. Behind every case is a considerable body of research: we base our conclusions on linguistic principles, on evidence from language databases, on previous experience and findings. In fact, just like any other forensic scientist, we use all the tools available to us.

    What difficulties have you come across when analysing a piece of evidence?

    All evidence is difficult to analyse: you can never underestimate the task. Perhaps the most difficult task is estimating the contribution of a particular piece of evidence to the overall case. Does it tend to support an identification of a suspect? Does it tend to support the identification of someone other than the suspect? It is important not to overstate an opinion or cause problems for courts by being over-confident. All forensic scientists have these issues.

    Where do you see the future of Forensic Linguistics?

    The only future that matters is that the justice system is well served and that investigators and lawyers are given useful, honest, impartial advice and evidence. I believe forensic linguistics can do this, and so will remain a good servant of the justice system. It is the integrity of the justice system that counts – nothing else matters.

    Find out more:

    Two books by John Olsson:

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    Conference: Forensic Science for the 21st Century: The National Academy of Sciences Report and Beyond https://www.google.com//4f6/?p=1951 Sat, 10 Jan 2009 12:00:00 +0000 /4f6/?p=1951 Continue reading Conference: Forensic Science for the 21st Century: The National Academy of Sciences Report and Beyond ]]> The Sandra Day O*Connor College of Law at ASU commented on the previous post about a conference they are hosting in April.? It sounds interesting and worth giving greater prominence to. Here’s what they posted:

    Forensic Science for the 21st Century: The National Academy of Sciences Report and Beyond

    The Center for the Study of Law, Science, & Technology at the Sandra Day O*Connor College of Law at Arizona State University will host an international conference on April 3-4, 2009, in Tempe, Ariz., on the future of forensic science, with special attention to the highly anticipated report of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences, ※Identifying the Needs of the Forensic Sciences Community.§

    In addition to experts from universities such as the University of California, Berkeley, Harvard Law School, the University of Michigan Law School, the University of California, Irvine, the University of Virginia and ASU, among others, participants will include state and federal judges, the NAS committee chairmen, the president of the American Association of Forensic Sciences, directors of the FBI laboratory and the Innocence Project, and prosecutors, defense attorneys, forensic scientists, and criminalists. Papers will be published in the ABA-ASU journal, Jurimetrics: The Journal of Law, Science, and Technology, and in the Oxford University Press journal, Law, Probability & Risk.

    As part of the conference, The Honorable Harry T. Edwards, Senior Circuit Judge and Chief Judge Emeritus of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit, and co-chair of the NAS Forensic Science Committee, will deliver the annual Willard H. Pedrick Lecture. The title of Judge Edwards* talk is, &Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States: A Path Forward.*

    For more information about the conference, co-sponsored by the National Judicial College and the Criminal Justice and Science and Technology Law sections of the American Bar Association, and to register, go to http://LST.law.asu.edu.

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    Deception blog round-up of recent research https://www.google.com//4f6/?p=1949 /4f6/?p=1949#comments Thu, 01 Jan 2009 08:36:06 +0000 /4f6/?p=1949 Continue reading Deception blog round-up of recent research ]]> I’ve neglected all the crimepsych blogs over the last few months (pressure of work and a doctorate to finish) but to make up for it, at least partially, I’ve published a round-up of all the interesting deception-related research from the last few months over on the Deception Blog. It’s in six parts (there’s a LOT of it) and can be found via the following links:

    Part 1: Discussion of who can catch a liar and some research on signs of lying.

    Part 2: New technologies and deception detection, particularly recent advances in the debate over fMRI but also some news about ERP-related deception detection.

    Part 3: It’s magic! Reporting on the little flurry of interest in understanding how magicians deceive us, with some lessons for how practiced liars might achieve the same effect.

    Part 4: When people lie in specific situations, from 911 calls to deception by the police.

    Part 5: Polygraphy, and some recent research on the psychophisiology of lying.

    Part 6: Kids’ lies, online lies and my deception book of the year.

    Blogging is likely to continue to be sporadic on both this and the other crimepsych blogs over the next few months as I try and finish the doctorate, but if all goes to plan I hope to be back to better blogging by the summer of this year.

    Wishing you all the best for a happy, safe and successful year in 2009!

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    Tackling Football Hooliganism: A Quantitative Study of Public Order, Policing and Crowd Psychology https://www.google.com//4f6/?p=1944 Sat, 08 Nov 2008 13:03:23 +0000 /4f6/?p=1944 Continue reading Tackling Football Hooliganism: A Quantitative Study of Public Order, Policing and Crowd Psychology ]]> It’s been a very long time since I’ve spotted an article in Psychology, Public Policy, and Law that I’ve wanted to read (is it just me or has it been incredibly dull over the last few issues?). But here’s one that sounds interesting, appears theoretically sound and of practical value:

    This paper contributes to the science of crowd dynamics and psychology by examining the social psychological processes related to the relative absence of ※hooliganism§ at the Finals of the 2004 Union Europ谷enne de Football Association (UEFA) Football (Soccer) Championships in Portugal. Quantitative data from a structured observational study is integrated with data from a questionnaire survey of a group associated ubiquitously with &hooliganism* 每 namely England fans. This analysis provides support for the contention that the absence of &disorder* can be attributed in large part to the non-paramilitary policing style adopted in cities hosting tournament matches. Evidence is presented which suggests that this style of policing supported forms of non-violent collective psychology that, in turn, served to psychologically marginalise violent groups from the wider community of fans. The study highlights the mutually constructive relationships that can be created between psychological theory, research, policing policy and practice, particularly in relation to the successful management of &public order*. The paper concludes by exploring some of the wider implications of this research for theory, policy, the management of crowds, social conflict, and human rights more generally.

    Reference:

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    Free access to Sage journals gives you a chance to read all about science and pseudoscience in policing https://www.google.com//4f6/?p=1943 /4f6/?p=1943#comments Sun, 05 Oct 2008 16:35:24 +0000 /4f6/?p=1943 Continue reading Free access to Sage journals gives you a chance to read all about science and pseudoscience in policing ]]> Once again Sage Journals is throwing its archive open – you can get free access to all Sage journals until 31 October if you register first. A great opportunity to stock up on articles in journals that you or your library don’t subscribe to.

    Can I, in particular, recommend you take a look at the latest issue of Criminal Justice and Behavior? It’s a special on “Pseudoscientific Policing Practices and Beliefs” pulled together by guest editor Brent Snook. Scott Lilienfeld and Kristin Landfield’s overview of science and pseudoscience is just ok (I don’t think it’s as good as it could be), but there are useful reviews (among others) of hypnosis in a legal setting (Graham Wagstaff), of detecting deception (Aldert Vrij), and of false confessions (Saul Kassin). These reviews will prove invaluable if you’re new to these areas of research or need a refresher.

    Also in this issue, Snook and colleagues examine why criminal profiling is so seductive, when much of what passes for profiling is simply – according to the authors – “smoke and mirrors”. They conclude:

    There is a growing belief that profilers can accurately and consistently predict a criminal*s characteristics based on crime scene evidence… We contend that this belief is illusory because a critical analysis of research on CP [criminal profiling] showed that the field lacks theoretical grounding and empirical support.

    And there’s an extraordinary and provocative critique of the FBI’s programme to introduce Critical Incident Stress Debriefing for its agents, co-authored by a former agent who was involved in the programme. The authors bemoan the fact that although the business of “law enforcement is inextricably tied to facts, objectivity, organization, and high standards of proof” (p.1342), the FBI did not (according to the authors) apply the same standards when evaluating a stress debriefing programme for its agents. The evidence for the effectiveness of CISD is scant, argue the authors (and there is some evidence that CISD may even be harmful to people exposed to severe trauma). So, the authors explain: “We are thus compelled to consider how an idea so poorly grounded and so seriously discredited came to hold so tenacious a footing in the employee assistance practices of what is arguably the world*s most sophisticated law enforcement agency” (p.1342). Newbold, Lohr and Gist’s concluding comments could serve as an epitaph for the entire issue:

    Pseudoscience finds its foothold where the blurring of boundaries allows the imperatives of evidentiary warrant shared by both domains to become compromised. It takes many years of training and experience to become competent as either a law enforcement agent or a psychologist, and either role requires strong focus and strict boundaries to be executed effectively. Police officers who want to play shrink and psychologists who want to play cop run a serious risk of blurring those boundaries.

    Here are the contents in full:

    • Brent Snook – Introduction to the Special Issue: Pseudoscientific Policing Practices and Beliefs
    • Scott O. Lilienfeld and Kristin Landfield – Science and Pseudoscience in Law Enforcement: A User-Friendly Primer
    • Michael G. Aamodt – Reducing Misconceptions and False Beliefs in Police and Criminal Psychology
    • John Turtle and Stephen C. Want – Logic and Research Versus Intuition and Past Practice as Guides to Gathering and Evaluating Eyewitness Evidence
    • Brent Snook, Richard M. Cullen, Craig Bennell, Paul J. Taylor, and Paul Gendreau – The Criminal Profiling Illusion: What’s Behind the Smoke and Mirrors?
    • Graham F. Wagstaff – Hypnosis and the Law: Examining the Stereotypes
    • William G. Iacono – Effective Policing: Understanding How Polygraph Tests Work and Are Used
    • Saul M. Kassin – Confession Evidence: Commonsense Myths and Misconceptions
    • Aldert Vrij – Nonverbal Dominance Versus Verbal Accuracy in Lie Detection: A Plea to Change Police Practice
    • Katherine M. Newbold, Jeffrey M. Lohr, and Richard Gist – Apprehended Without Warrant: Issues of Evidentiary Warrant for Critical Incident Services and Related Trauma Interventions in a Federal Law Enforcement Agency
    • David C. Flagel and Paul Gendreau – Commentary: Sense, Common Sense, and Nonsense
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    The Anthropology of Crime and Criminalization https://www.google.com//4f6/?p=1941 /4f6/?p=1941#comments Thu, 02 Oct 2008 05:00:00 +0000 /4f6/?p=1941 Continue reading The Anthropology of Crime and Criminalization ]]> Despite the focus on psychological research in this blog, I find anthropological approaches fascinating too. Here’s a neat review of such approaches applied to the cross-cultural understanding of crime and criminality:

    The ambiguity of the concept of crime is evident in the two strands of anthropological research covered in this review. One strand, the anthropology of criminalization, explores how state authorities, media, and citizen discourse define particular groups and practices as criminal, with prejudicial consequences. Examples are drawn from research on peasant rebellion, colonialism, youth, and racially or ethnically marked urban poor. The other strand traces ethnographic work on more or less organized illegal and predatory activity: banditry, rustling, trafficking, street gangs, and mafias. Although a criminalizing perspective tends to conflate these diverse forms of ※organized§ crime, in particular erasing the boundary between street gangs and drug trafficking, the forms have discrete histories and motivations. Their particularities, as well as their historical interactions, illuminate everyday responses to crime and suggest ways to put in perspective the ※crime talk§ of today, which borders on apocalyptic.

    Reference

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    Journal of Police and Criminal Psychology: Special Issue on Criminal Profiling https://www.google.com//4f6/?p=1942 Sun, 28 Sep 2008 07:29:11 +0000 /4f6/?p=1942 Continue reading Journal of Police and Criminal Psychology: Special Issue on Criminal Profiling ]]> The latest issue of Journal of Police and Criminal Psychology [23(2)] is a Special Issue on Criminal Profiling edited by Craig Bennell. The issue contains several articles on the research basis for criminal profiling, its limitations and applications. In his introduction to the issue, Bennell explains that the papers touch on some of the

    …debates [that] are ongoing about what roles profilers should play in criminal investigations, how profiles should be constructed, delivered, and evaluated, whether the contributions made by profilers are valid and, if so, how, and whether there are new, potentially more productive approaches to profiling that could improve upon or even replace the methods that are currently being used.

    Though he rightly notes that it’s impossible to do the topic justice in one issue Bennell argues that he has pulled together some examples of research that “will help in some small way to move the profiling field forward”. One problem with this issue, however, is that it only shines a spotlight on research being conducted by members of Bennell’s research lab at Carlton University and Bennell’s current or former associates. As such, it offers a somewhat partial view of the range of research that is and could be done in this area. So I can’t help but agree that this issue represents only a small step forward, but science is generally built on small steps rather than great leaps.

    What Bennell has done here is offer a taster of the kind of research that could and should be done to advance this field, including papers on the reliabilility of data that profiles are based on, the theoretical assumptions underlying some forms of profiling, the ways in which readers might interpret profiles and new, potentially fruitful approaches to profiling. There is plenty here that will be of interest to a range of readers including students, more established researchers and practitioners. Contents and further comments after the break.

    The contents include:

    • Investigating the Reliability of the Violent Crime Linkage Analysis System (ViCLAS) Crime Report – Melissa M. Martineau, Shevaun Corey
    • A Failure to Find Empirical Support for the Homology Assumption in Criminal Profiling – Brandy Doan, Brent Snook
    • The False Recognition Effect in Criminal Profiling – Craig Bennell, Rebecca Mugford, Alyssa Taylor, Sarah Bloomfield, Catherine M. Wilson
    • Body Disposal Patterns of Sexual Murderers: Implications for Offender Profiling – Eric Beauregard, Jessica Field
    • Taming the Beast: The UK Approach to the Management of Behavioral Investigative Advice – Lee Rainbow

    I’ve only had time to skim some of the articles in this issue, but I was particularly taken with experienced Behavioural Investigative Advisor Lee Rainbow’s ‘future challenges’ section in his article on the provision of behavioural investigative advice in the UK. Rainbow explains in detail how behavioural advice is used in police investigations in the UK and summarises the various steps taken in the last decade to put such advice on a scientific and professional footing, including strict accreditation standards for individuals offering behavioural investigative advice and systematic evaluation of their reports. But Rainbow argues that the first challenge for the future is addressing a growing misconception that ‘profiling’ skills are widespread and easy to obtain, a misconception that has been created by “the expansion and availability of post-graduate forensic psychology courses, and courses more specifically focussing on some form of ‘profiling’ §. Rainbow goes on to suggest that this

    has created a situation where individuals within the police service itself are exploiting the opportunity to apply the principles of behavioral science to the investigative process, but for which the appropriate quality assurance mechanisms could be lacking. Such ambiguous provision of support must be addressed to arrest the potential dilution and undermining of the current high standards of the service.

    A second, and Rainbow suggests, more significant challenge

    results from the intense media interest in such activity. Media coverage of any major crime story in the UK is almost exclusively accompanied by a psychologist or ※profiler§ waxing lyrically about the offender*s likely characteristics, personality, psychopathology and the resulting recommended investigative actions. Whilst such observations are a somewhat inevitable product of both the popular fascination of ※getting inside the mind of the killer§ and 24 hour news scheduling, the apparent readiness with which some individuals feel compelled to feed such appetites may be viewed as contrary to expected levels of professionalism.

    As longtime readers will know, psychologists and psychiatrists offering speculative comments on high-profile cases is something I (and many others) have criticised before. As Rainbow points out:

    These individuals should be acutely aware from experience that the information available within the public domain during investigations is a deliberately restricted subset of the known facts in the case. To base speculation on such limited information demonstrates a disregard for expected standards of scientific integrity.

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    Special issue of Applied Cognitive Psychology on eyewitness research https://www.google.com//4f6/?p=1940 /4f6/?p=1940#comments Sat, 06 Sep 2008 06:48:43 +0000 /4f6/?p=1940 Continue reading Special issue of Applied Cognitive Psychology on eyewitness research ]]> journals

    The latest issue of Applied Cognitive Psychology (Volume 22 Issue 6, September 2008) is a special devoted to Basic and Applied Issues in Eyewitness Research, edited by Brian H. Bornstein, Christian A. Meissner. Published to mark the centenary of the publication of “On the Witness Stand” by Hugo Munsterburg, one of forensic psychology’s founding fathers, this issue contains a feast of articles by some of the top names in the field, and will be a valuable resource for anyone interested in eyewitness psychology.

    The editors explain why the publication of Munsterberg’s text is worth marking:

    Hugo Munsterberg, who was one of the earliest researchers on eyewitness memory, is probably the first figure to advocate strongly for a wider reliance by the courts on psychological research… [His] efforts were largely rebuffed … and since that time, there have been repeated calls for the courts to take eyewitness research (indeed, all social science research) more seriously, accompanied by a range of judicial responses ranging from ready acceptance to outright rejection (Monahan & Walker, 2005). Nor are all psychologists of one mind on this issue. Indeed, even Munsterberg himself, who is widely regarded as one of the founders of applied psychology, at times urged caution in applying psychological research findings to real-world problems…

    Bornstein and Meissner go on to highlight two other reasons to revisit the issue of applying psychology in the courtroom: First, despite the increasing acceptance of eyewitness research in the courtroom (they say the “American courtroom” but of course other countries’ judicial systems have also taken note) there remain disagreements about the quality and ecological validity of such research. And second, the editors suggest that the “trend for greater acceptance of research findings by the legal system has, in the opinions of some observers, created a situation in which there is an overemphasis on practical questions, accompanied by a lack of theoretical relevance”. In other words, applied researchers need to pay equal attention to theoretical and practical implications of their research.

    The articles in this issue set eyewitness research in a historical context and address the specific issues associated with such research and its applications. Highly recommended.

    Contents include:

    • Basic and applied issues in eyewitness research: A M邦nsterberg centennial retrospective – Brian H. Bornstein, Christian A. Meissner
    • Lessons from the origins of eyewitness testimony research in Europe – Siegfried Ludwig Sporer
    • Hugo who? G. F. Arnold’s alternative early approach to psychology and law – Brian H. Bornstein, Steven D. Penrod
    • Toward a more informative psychological science of eyewitness evidence – John Turtle, J. Don Read, D. Stephen Lindsay, C. A. Elizabeth Brimacombe
    • A “middle road” approach to bridging the basic-applied divide in eyewitness identification research – Sean M. Lane, Christian A. Meissner
    • Study space analysis for policy development – Roy S. Malpass, Colin G. Tredoux, Nadja Schreiber Compo, Dawn McQuiston-Surrett, Otto H. MacLin, Laura A. Zimmerman, Lisa D. Topp
    • The importance (necessity) of computational modelling for eyewitness identification research – Steven E. Clark
    • Estimating the impact of estimator variables on eyewitness identification: A fruitful marriage of practical problem solving and psychological theorizing – Kenneth A. Deffenbacher
    • Eyewitness confidence and latency: Indices of memory processes not just markers of accuracy – Neil Brewer, Nathan Weber
    • M邦nsterberg’s legacy: What does eyewitness research tell us about the reliability of eyewitness testimony? – Amina Memon, Serena Mastroberardino, Joanne Fraser
    • Theory, logic and data: Paths to a more coherent eyewitness science – Gary L. Wells

    See also:

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